Fuzzy Trace Theory
Did I remember what I think I remember? What is the process of the self-authorship of memory? These are the movies in our head, purporting to be the remnants of our lives — when I try, I can remember carrying my uncle in his coffin to his grove through the snow — I remember his funeral, sitting next to my cousin Jacob, sitting next to his grandfather Dan — (who had the face of my uncle grown old, my uncle whose face would now never grow old — oh memory, oh sadness)
The fuzzy trace theory model canl help explain how false memories are created. According to Reyna and Brainerd (1995) the fuzzy trace theory states that the processing of items is determined by gist traces or verbatim traces. The gist traces are general senses and meanings of presented items that consist of rational information. Gist traces are pieces of information that closely match the event, while verbatim traces are item-level data, which is specific detail of item (Neuschata, Lampinen, Preston, Hawkins, & Toglia, 2002). Reyna and Kiernan (1995) found that participants sometimes falsely notice verbatim traces, although they had better remembered gist traces. The fuzzy trace theory theory will help in deciphering the cause of false memories in the photographs that are shown in the present study.